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安全数据说明书 MSDS

MSDS简介
MSDS(Material Safety Data Sheet)即可译为化学品安全技术说明书或化学品安全数据说明书。在欧洲国家,MSDS也被称为安全技术/数据说明书SDS(Safety Data Sheet)。国际标准化组织(ISO)11014采用SDS术语,然而美国、加拿大、澳洲以及亚洲许多国家则采用MSDS术语。

MSDS是化学品生产或销售企业按法律要求向客户提供的有关化学品特征的一份综合性法律文件。它提供化学品的理化参数、燃爆性能、对健康的危害、安全使用贮存、泄露处置、急救措施以及有关的法律法规等十六项内容。当前,有国际化学品安全规划小组(International Programme on Chemical Safety)编制的一份类似MSDS的档,即国际化学品安全卡【International Chemical Safety Card(ICSC)】。同MSDS类似,ICSC概述了化学品有关的健康和安全使用信息。如今,已有1300种化学品据有ICSC。除英语以外,ICSC还被翻译为其它13种语言。然而,ICSC并无政府机构对化学品的管理条例,同时,某些警示性的标准词语(R-Phrases)在一些国家也并不适用。所以ICSC并非是一份法律性档,它不能取代目前在国际上流通的MSDS。



MSDS国际贸易中的地位
欧美等发达国家的法律对环境和职业健康的要求极为严格。在化学品的国际贸易中,客户常常在购买化学品前,向供货商索取MSDS。
供货商遵照法律的要求,会及时提供符合客户所在国法律法规要求的MSDS。在美国、加拿大及欧洲国家,一些大中型企业都设有危险化学品管理部或职业健康及环境科学管理部门专门审核供货商提供的MSDS,经审核,符合条件者才有资格同采购部门进行下一步的商务接触。

编制高质量的MSDS难点
编制符合法律法规要求、高水平的MSDS的难点在于:一是除了厕所化学品的理化特性外,测试化学品的毒理数据费用太高。如果化学品是复合品或掺有添加剂或存在反应副产品,那么编制者就很难对该产品毒理性能做出正确的评估。如果供货商提供的MSDS存在错误或失实,或故意隐瞒有害信息,造成用户的人员伤亡或环境污染,用户往往要求MSDS的提供单位承担相应的法律责任。二是编制的MSDS必须符合买方所在国家和地区的有关危险化学品的法律法规。然而不同的国家,甚至同一个国家不同的州(例如:美国)都有自己对MSDS的不同要求。同时一些数据或名录也会经常变化(例如,ACGIH每年一次公布新的接触阈值,NTP每两年一次公布新的致癌物质名录),所以使得编制符合和要求的MSDS更为困难。

目前国内一些企业编写的MSDS方法面临的风险更高,目前,国内不少化学品生产企业主要采用两种方法来编制MSDS:一是从国外大公司网站寻找雷同的化学品,抄袭过来。另一种方法,就是从国外买少量的同样的产品样品,从而获得卖方提供的MSDS,然后把它改写成自己的(实际上,即使不购买卖方的产品,只要索取,一般外国公司均会提供他们产品的MSDS)。第一种方法可能存在两个问题:一是相似化学品的毒性数据(LD50)可能相差很大,对人体健康和环境的影响也不一样;二是如果网上的MSDS是数年以前公布的,那么相应的数据或法规就很有可能已更新。第二种方法不会存在上述的问题,但是如果你的产品为混合物,一般来说,你很难在国外找到完全相同产品的企业。就算有,卖方产品的有关法律条文不一定符合你买方所在国的要求。

MSDS对企业产品的作用
在国际贸易中,MSDS的质量也是衡量一个公司实力、形象以及管理水平的重要标志,高质量的化学产品配有高质量的MSDS,势必增加更多的商机。让焗油国际水平的专家帮您编制高水平的MSDS对促进贸易的成功很关键,是企业有效的形象宣传,相对来说,费用并不高。
为促进中国化工产品顺利进入国际化工市场,提高产品的国际竞争力,从目前国内出口化学品价格的恶性竞争,提高到企业品牌与产品规范的良性竞争。
MSDS服务项目,请与我们联系:陈先生(+86)13602386325

Brief Introduction To MSDS
MSDS is called as Material Safety Data Sheet.In European Countries,MSDS is also called as SDS(Safety Data Sheet).International Standardization Organization (ISO)11014 adopts SDS terms.However,the United State,Canada,Australia and lots of Asian countries adopt MSDS terms.
MSDS is a kind of comprehensive legal document on chemical features to customer offered by producing or selling enterprise according to legal requirement.lt offers sixteen sections including physical/chmical properties,flammability,hazards identification,handling and storage,accidental release measures,first aid measures and regulatory information.Presently International Programme on Chemical Safety compiles a document similar to MSDS,namely International Chemical Safety Card(ICSC).ICSC likes MSDS introduce relative health and safety application information of chemicals.So far,1,300 chemicals possess ICSC.Except for English,ICSC has been translated into other 13 languages.However,Icsc han no chemical management acts from govemmental institutes,at the same time,some R-Phrases are not available in lots of countries.So ICSC is not a legal document,and cannot take the place of MSDS circulating internationally.

MSDS position in international trade
The laws in the Untied State and European countries have strict requirements for environment and occupatioal health.In chemical International trade,customers always ask for MSDS before purchasing chemicals.
Supplier shall abide legal requirement,and supply MSDS in accordance with regulatory requirement in the customer country in time.In the Unted State,Canada,and European countries,a great many of large and medium size enterprises set hazardous by chemical suppliers,which passing audit can keep the right totake next business contact with purchasing department.

Difficulty in making high-quality MSDS
Difficulty in making quality MSDS in accordance with regulatory requirements:except for testing physical/chemical properties of chemical,toxicity data testing charge of chemical is too expensive.lf chemical is compound product,or mixes addition reagent,or contains secondry products,the compiler can hardly make accurate estimation on toxicity.lf MSDS offered by supplier gets mistakes or is inconsistent with the facts,or keep hazards identification back intentionally,which resulf in personnel hurt or environmental,pollution of users,users always require MSDS offering unit shall bear corresponding legal responsibility.Secondly,compiled MSDS shall be in accordance with regulations on hazardous chemical in the country and of the buyer.But different countries even different states in the same country have their own different requirent for MSDS.In addition,NTP publicize new cancerogenous substances once every two years,which makes more difficulty of compiling MSDS in accordance with requirement.
Influence of MSDS on exporting enterprise product
In intemational trade,MSDS quality is also an important symbol to measure company strengthen,image and management level,and high quality chemical getting high quality MSDS surely can increses more business chances.lt is very important to ask expert at international level to compile high standard MSDS in order to promote success of internationade,for it is effective image advertisement for the entenrprise,with relatively low charge.
It can promote chemical product smoothly to enter international chemical market,improve international competitiveness of product,and imrowve from cut throat competition of Chinese export chemical price to benign competition of enterprise brand and product standard.
更多服务项目,请与我们联系:陈先生(+86)13602386325
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